Table of Contents
The responsible lead editor for this section is Thomas Bournaris
Quotation: Bournaris, T. 2013: Introduction to the economic Impact Area Specific Regions or Sectors. Available at: http://beta.liaise-toolbox.eu/node/1184.
This area is concerned with the impacts of policy on specific sectors and specific regions. These two aspects may be closely related whenever the economy of a certain region relies heavily on a particular sector (coastal regions largely dependent on fisheries activities; areas living of the coal sector and of the induced benefits; regions heavily relying on tourism or agriculture).
Impacts on specific sectors of the economy are well-known in policymaking; climate change policy, with its implications for the energy sector and for energy intensive sectors, is but one example. Such concerns are related not only with matters of principle (fairness of treatment and fair sharing of the burden entailed by policy) but also with such fundamental issues as international competitiveness: European business and industry face a constant challenge to remain competitive, to keep up with technology, and with the pace of growth in competing countries. Meeting the challenge successfully is essential for sustainable growth and for our greater prosperity.
Although the European Union is one of the richest parts of the world, there are striking internal disparities of income and opportunity between its regions. The entry of new member states in 2004 and 2007, whose incomes are well below the EU average, has widened these gaps. Regional policy transfers resources from affluent to poorer regions. It is both an instrument of financial solidarity and a powerful force for economic integration.
The European Union's regional policy seeks to reduce structural disparities between EU regions, foster balanced development throughout the EU and promote real equal opportunities for all. Based on the concepts of solidarity and economic and social cohesion, it achieves this in practical terms by means of a variety of financing operations, principally throgh the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund. For the period 2007-2013, the European Union's regional policy is the EU's second largest budget item.
“Europe 2020” - a strategy to enhance the competitiveness of the EU and to create more growth and jobs.
Legal Basis for the Commission to Act
Financial instruments and initiatives to address economics and social imbalances at Community level did exist since the beginning of the European integration, but only in 1986 legal foundations introduced by the Single European Act paved the way for an integrated cohesion policy. The Single European Act laid the basis for a genuine cohesion policy designed to offset the burden of the single market for the less-favoured regions of the Community. The policy was finally incorporated into the EC Treaty itselt (Articles 158 to 162) with the Maastricht Treaty (1992).
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Publications and applications
Content for this term
|Bioeconomic mussel fisheries management model||Model||2014-03-27 14:23|
|Bournaris, Thomas||Expert||2014-11-11 20:36|
|Farm System Simulator(Part of SEAMLESS)||Model||2013-11-26 08:29|
|Jacob, Klaus||Expert||2013-03-22 15:39|
|Moulogianni, Chistina||Expert||2014-12-01 18:44|
|Nõmmann, Tea||Expert||2014-03-05 09:47|
|Peterson, Kaja||Expert||2014-03-05 09:38|
|Specific regions or sectors||Impact Area||2013-12-03 14:55|