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Air quality

Quotation: Stefan Reis (2013): Introduction to the environmental Impact Area Air Quality: http://beta.liaise-toolbox.eu/node/1209

Description

While air is polluted in many ways, clean air is an important ingredient for health and well being of humans and ecosystems. Air pollutants can carry long distances and affect areas far from the original source. Air pollution effects on human and ecosystem health contribute to substantial economic costs and a vast array of policies have been implemented on local, national, European and global level to combat adverse effects of air pollution.

This impact area is further specified by the taxonomy terms: Emissions that impact human health, Emissions that impact agriculture, Emissions that impact materials, Emissions that impact ecosystems

Relevant Policies

The Sixth Environmental Action Programme (2002-2012) also refers to air pollution and demands the adoption of a thematic strategy on air pollution. Air policy´s main target sectors are industry with its great amount of emissions from stationary sources (i.e. large combustion plants, waste incineration plants etc.) and private households with special regard to emissions from motor vehicles. Concerning the different material elicitors, up to now most reductions have been achieved through cleaning exhaust gases, but more recently attention is also given to a reduction in the use of solvents.

In 2005, the Commission launched the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (TSAP) and Clean Air For Europe (CAFE), the first of seven Thematic Strategies in the EU's Sixth Environment Action Programme (EAP). In 2011, the European Commission has launched a comprehensive review of its air policy building on the 2005 initiative.The EU Air Quality Policies are currently under revision, with 2013 having been themed as the "EU Year of the Air" and several legislative and other activities underway.

Please find here further information on concrete policies.

Legal basis for the Commission to act

The European Union has established several long-term quality objectives for air and has adopted a wide range of policy measures to cope with air quality problems. This relates to EC directives as well as to international regulation or sector strategies and includes a wide range of measures from regulatory standards and permits to planning provisions and economic and informative incentive instruments. Main directive stipulating air quality is Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management.

The EU and its Member States are active parties to the Convention on the Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Several directives contribute to the implementation of these obligations, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) and the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (TSAP) being the most prominent.

Moreover, the fulfilment of the Kyoto Protocol and the reduction of emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel burning will lead to a reduction for many air pollutants as well, with synergies and co-benefits of climate strategies for air quality and vice versa being the subject of various assessments.

Web Resources

DG Environment: Air

European Environment Agency: Air

Contact

Related Terms

Emissions that impact human health

Emissions that impact agriculture

Emissions that impact materials

Emissions that impact ecosystems

Publications and applications

Titel Type of practice Updated date
Assessment of Policy Interrelationships and Impacts on Sustainability in Europe - The APRAISE 3E method Project 2014-02-19 11:29
Cross Compliance Assessment Tool (CCAT) Project 2013-02-19 11:25
European Research for Impact Assessment Tools Publication 2014-04-17 14:41
From Acid Rain to Climate Change Publication 2014-07-14 16:22
IA on NOx Tax in Denmark Impact Assessment 2013-03-22 18:25
IA Report: Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 10:14
IA Report: Communication - Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 12:11
IA Report: Communication on future EU transport policy Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 09:40
IA Report: Communication on Winning the Battle against Global Climate Change Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:40
IA Report: Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 13:30
IA Report: Establishment of rules and procedures with regard to the introduction of noise-related operating restrictions at Union airports within a Balanced Approach (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 00:32
IA Report: General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 "Living well, within the limits of our planet" (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:26
IA Report: Implementation and exploitation of European satellite navigation systems (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 16:10
IA Report: Internal market for electricity and gas Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:53
IA report: Mid-term review on the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:29
IA Report: Occurrence reporting in civil aviation (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-26 17:31
IA Report: Proposal for a decision establishing a space surveillance and tracking support programme (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 13:55
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2003/96/EC restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:54
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:31
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on aviation security charges Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 12:27
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on energy efficiency (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 13:16
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation establishing a Registered Traveller Programme (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 13:32
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the implementation of the Single European Sky (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 17:51
IA Report: Regulation on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (EURO VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:15
IA Report: Renewable Energy Road Map Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:22
IA Report: Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:46
IA Report: Type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions and on access to vehicle repair information Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:23
Re-assessment of CO₂ and SO₂ Emissions in Energy Sector by Using LEAP-model: Experiences from Estonian Energy Sector Planning Publication 2014-05-20 09:41
Screening decisions concerning the likely impacts of plans and projects on Natura 2000 sites Publication 2013-12-17 08:21
The Policy-Relevancy of Impact Assessment Tools: Evaluating Nine Years of European Research Funding Publication 2014-07-09 16:32
Towards a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission and deposition Publication 2014-12-09 16:42

Content for this term

Title Type Updated date
Air quality Impact Area 2014-01-22 16:20
E3ME Model 2014-04-23 15:36
Integrated Nitrogen Tool across Europe for Greenhouse gases and Ammonia Targeted to Operational Responses Model 2013-11-26 08:29
Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System Model 2013-11-26 08:29
Mari Jüssi Expert 2014-03-17 12:26
Peterson, Kaja Expert 2014-03-05 09:38
Reis, Stefan Expert 2013-10-29 13:28
WIOD Computable General Equilibrium Model Model 2014-01-30 14:39