Table of Contents
Quotation: Stefan Reis (2013): Introduction to the environmental Impact Area Air Quality: http://beta.liaise-toolbox.eu/node/1209
While air is polluted in many ways, clean air is an important ingredient for health and well being of humans and ecosystems. Air pollutants can carry long distances and affect areas far from the original source. Air pollution effects on human and ecosystem health contribute to substantial economic costs and a vast array of policies have been implemented on local, national, European and global level to combat adverse effects of air pollution.
The Sixth Environmental Action Programme (2002-2012) also refers to air pollution and demands the adoption of a thematic strategy on air pollution. Air policy´s main target sectors are industry with its great amount of emissions from stationary sources (i.e. large combustion plants, waste incineration plants etc.) and private households with special regard to emissions from motor vehicles. Concerning the different material elicitors, up to now most reductions have been achieved through cleaning exhaust gases, but more recently attention is also given to a reduction in the use of solvents.
In 2005, the Commission launched the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (TSAP) and Clean Air For Europe (CAFE), the first of seven Thematic Strategies in the EU's Sixth Environment Action Programme (EAP). In 2011, the European Commission has launched a comprehensive review of its air policy building on the 2005 initiative.The EU Air Quality Policies are currently under revision, with 2013 having been themed as the "EU Year of the Air" and several legislative and other activities underway.
Please find here further information on concrete policies.
Legal basis for the Commission to act
The European Union has established several long-term quality objectives for air and has adopted a wide range of policy measures to cope with air quality problems. This relates to EC directives as well as to international regulation or sector strategies and includes a wide range of measures from regulatory standards and permits to planning provisions and economic and informative incentive instruments. Main directive stipulating air quality is Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management.
The EU and its Member States are active parties to the Convention on the Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Several directives contribute to the implementation of these obligations, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) and the Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (TSAP) being the most prominent.
Moreover, the fulfilment of the Kyoto Protocol and the reduction of emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel burning will lead to a reduction for many air pollutants as well, with synergies and co-benefits of climate strategies for air quality and vice versa being the subject of various assessments.
DG Environment: Air
European Environment Agency: Air
Publications and applications
Content for this term
|Air quality||Impact Area||2014-01-22 16:20|
|Integrated Nitrogen Tool across Europe for Greenhouse gases and Ammonia Targeted to Operational Responses||Model||2013-11-26 08:29|
|Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System||Model||2013-11-26 08:29|
|Mari Jüssi||Expert||2014-03-17 12:26|
|Peterson, Kaja||Expert||2014-03-05 09:38|
|Reis, Stefan||Expert||2013-10-29 13:28|
|WIOD Computable General Equilibrium Model||Model||2014-01-30 14:39|