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Transport and the use of energy

Quotation: Panu Kontio (2013): Introduction to the environmental Impact Area Transport and Energy: http://beta.liaise-toolbox.eu/node/3259

Description

The transport sector contributes to many environmental and social problems: it is one the main causes for poor air quality in urban areas and accounts for 25% of total energy-related CO2 emissions. 93% of CO2 emissions from transport originate from road transport. Greenhouse gas emissions from transport have increased about 25% since 1990 to 2008 in EU27, whereas emissions of several short-lived air pollutants are falling despite a growth in traffic. Transport is also mainly responsible for noise disturbance and fragmentation of natural habitats posing a significant threat to biodiversity. Transport volumes are growing at a rate where many of the improvements brought about by new technology are being partly or fully negated.
Emissions from energy production and use hold a significant share of overall CO2 emissions. In the short run, more environmentally friendly transport modes (such as marine or rail transport) and renewable energy sources (such as solar energy and wind energy) need to be boosted. In general, the widely accepted goal of a decoupling of transport and energy use from GDP growth needs better targeted efforts.
Getting the prices right is of major importance since present price structures favour individual transport. There is slow but positive progress towards restructuring of transport charges. Passenger fares for rail and bus services are, however increasing faster than the cost of private car use favouring private car use over public transport.

More specific Impact Items

Fuel consumptionDemand for transportVehicle emissionsEnergy ProductionEnergy intensity

Relevant Policies

The European Commission`s White Paper 2011 sets out the policy goals by 2050 and the policy measures until 2020. The goal is to build a competitive transport system that will increase mobility, remove major barriers in key areas and fuel growth and employment. At the same time, the proposals will dramatically reduce Europe's dependence on imported oil and cut carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050.
Another focal point is the promotion of renewable energy sources and sustainable biofuels for the transport sector: by 2020 renewable energy shall provide in minimum 10% of the total energy consumption in transport in the Member States (Directive 2009/28/EC).
The objective of the Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 (COM/2011/0109 final) is to determine actions to use the considerable potential for higher energy savings of buildings, transport and products and processes.
"Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050" shows how the sectors responsible for Europe's emissions - power generation, industry, transport, buildings and construction, as well as agriculture - can make the transition to a low-carbon economy over the coming decades.
This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents.
Please find here further information on concrete policies.

 

Legal Basis for the Commission to Act

Freedom of movement for persons and goods is one of the founding principles of the EC. Transport is governed by Title VI (Articles 90 to 100) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. 
Article 194 of the same Treaty sets out the principles of the European energy policy. The central goals for energy policy are security of supply, competitiveness, and sustainability.

 

Web Resources

The European Commission, Mobility & Transport: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
The European Commission, Energy: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/index_en.htm
Summaries of EU legislation on transport, energy and the environment: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/transport/transport_energy_environment/index_en.htm
The European Commission's site on reducing emissions from transport: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/index_en.htm
EU Transport GHG: Routes to 2050: http://www.eutransportghg2050.eu/cms/?flush=1
European Commission (2010). EU energy and transport in figures. Statistical Pocketbook: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/doc/2010_energy_transport_figures.pdf

EU Research Repository: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/research_repository/climateChangeEnergy/TransportEmissions.html

 

Contact

Panu Kontio  (Syke)

 

Publications

Davidsdottir, B. and M. Fisher. 2011. "The odd couple: The relationship between state economic performance and carbon emissions economic intensity. At the Crossroads: Pathways of Renewable and Nuclear Energy Policy in North Africa.Energy Policy 39 (8):4551--62.

 

Related terms

Fuel consumption

Demand for transport

Vehicle emissions

Energy Production

Energy intensity

Publications and applications

Titel Type of practice Updated date
Application of multi-criteria decision making to sustainable energy planning - A review Publication 2013-12-08 17:08
Assessment of Policy Interrelationships and Impacts on Sustainability in Europe - The APRAISE 3E method Project 2014-02-19 11:29
Biofuels Communication Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 09:24
Do Policy Impact Assessment Processes Promote Environmental Policy Integration? Project 2014-02-27 18:05
European Research for Impact Assessment Tools Publication 2014-04-17 14:41
IA Report: Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 10:14
IA Report: Communication - Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 12:11
IA Report: Communication on future EU transport policy Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 09:40
IA Report: Communication on sustainable coal Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:22
IA Report: Communication on Winning the Battle against Global Climate Change Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:40
IA Report: Communication – Action Plan on Urban Mobility Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-02 15:55
IA Report: Communication – Energy infrastructure priorities for 2020 and beyond – A Blueprint for an integrated European energy network Application of a Model or Method 2013-08-28 15:45
IA Report: Council directive on commercial diesel Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:56
IA Report: Decision replacing Decision 1692/96/EC on the Community guidelines for the development of the transeuropean network in the field of transport (TEN guidelines) Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 12:23
IA Report: Directive on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending Council Directives 85/337/EEC, 96/61/EC, 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/EC, 2006/12/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:03
IA Report: Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 13:30
IA Report: Establishing a single European railway area, as regards the opening of the market for domestic passenger transport services by rail and the governance of the railway infrastructure (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 20:06
IA Report: General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 "Living well, within the limits of our planet" (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:26
IA Report: Including aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 10:53
IA Report: Internal market for electricity and gas Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:53
IA Report: Laying down general rules for the granting of Community financial aid in the field of the trans-European transport and energy networks (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 10:44
IA report: Mid-term review on the Sixth Community Environment Action Programme Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:29
IA Report: Periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-26 17:40
IA Report: Procurement by entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-29 16:09
IA Report: Proposal for a Council Directive on taxation of passenger cars in the EU Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 12:14
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2003/96/EC restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:54
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:31
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive imposing an obligation on Member States to maintain minimum stocks of crude oil and/or petroleum products Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:55
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive laying down the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other transport modes Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 19:20
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on reporting formalities for ships arriving in or departing from ports of Member States of the Community and repealing Directive 2002/6/EC Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-02 15:36
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 20:59
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 16:15
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1692/2006 establishing the second 'Marco Polo' programme for the granting of Community financial assistance to improve the environmental performance of the freight transport system Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 18:43
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation concerning a European rail network for competitive freight Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 19:15
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation establishing a Registered Traveller Programme (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 13:32
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on fluorinated greenhouse gases (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 21:34
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation setting up the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:49
IA Report: Regulation on amending Regulation (EC)1775/2005 on conditions for access to the natural gas transmission networks Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:56
IA Report: Renewable Energy - a major player in the European energy market (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:07
IA Report: Renewable Energy Road Map Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:22
IA Report: Report on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling Application of a Model or Method 2013-08-28 15:56
IA Report: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 01:17
IA Report: Safety of offshore oil and gas prospection, exploration and production activities (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 12:37
IA Report: Strategic EU Energy Review Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:25
IA Report: The opening of the market for domestic passenger transport services by rail (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 20:54
IA Report: Union guidelines for the development of the Trans-European Transport Network (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 00:50
Maritime Proposal Impact Assessment 2014-02-11 06:40
Screening decisions concerning the likely impacts of plans and projects on Natura 2000 sites Publication 2013-12-17 08:21
The odd couple: The relationship between state economic performance and carbon emissions economic intensity Publication 2013-05-07 18:28
The Policy-Relevancy of Impact Assessment Tools: Evaluating Nine Years of European Research Funding Publication 2014-07-09 16:32
The temporal dimension of knowledge and the limits of policy appraisal: biofuels policy in the UK Publication 2013-03-26 15:01

Content for this term

Title Type Updated date
E3ME Model 2014-04-23 15:36
ERICATool Model 2013-11-26 08:29
Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System Model 2013-11-26 08:29
Jacob, Klaus Expert 2013-03-22 15:39
Kontio, Panu Expert 2013-10-07 09:31
Kuldna, Piret Expert 2014-03-05 09:47
Mari Jüssi Expert 2014-03-17 12:26
Nõmmann, Tea Expert 2014-03-05 09:47
Panu Kontio Expert 2013-10-09 10:36
Peterson, Kaja Expert 2014-03-05 09:38
Reis, Stefan Expert 2013-10-29 13:28
Transport and Energy Impact Area 2014-01-22 16:18
Transport and the Use of Energy Impact Area 2013-05-07 18:31
WITCH Model 2013-11-26 08:29