Outlining monitoring and evaluation arrangements

Policy makers need to be able to check if implementation is ‘on track’ and the extent to which the policy is achieving its objectives. When a policy is not achieving its objectives, they also need to know if this is the result of problems with the design of the policy, or of poor implementation e.g. was the problem analysis accurate? Were the objectives relevant and attainable? Was implementation entrusted to parties capable of understanding the policy and willing to apply it? Is poor implementation the result of weak administrative capacity?
Monitoring and evaluation arrangements, together with indicators, provide valuable information in this regard. The IA should therefore outline what these arrangements will be and define core indicators for the main policy objectives. It is not necessary to do this in detail for all the options examined in the IA. This will be done after the political choice of the most appropriate policy option has been made, as it is the last step in the policy design process. It does make sense, however, to define some core indicators for the key policy objectives (i.e. for the so-called ‘general objectives’) as these are valid for all policy options.