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Methods for Monitoring and evaluation

Policy makers need to assess whether the policy that is being implemented is reaching its objectives and - if not - for which kind of reasons and at which stage of the implementation process failures are occurring. Monitoring and evaluation, together with indicators and peer reviews, provide valuable information in this regard. The selection of monitoring and evaluation methods will be done after the political choice of the most appropriate policy option has been made, as it is the last step in the policy design process.

 The main issues to be considered are

Environmental monitoring describes the processes and activities that need to take place to characterise and monitor the quality of the environment. Environmental monitoring is used in the preparation of environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment.

Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technologies to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and oceans) by means of propagated signals.

Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards. It can assist an organization, program, project or any other intervention or initiative to assess any aim, realisable concept/proposal, or any alternative, to help in decision-making; or to ascertain the degree of achievement or value in regard to the aim and objectives and results of any such action that has been complete.

Indicators are measurable units of a different sorts and order that facilitate the assessment of changes in complex systems. In general one differerntiates between environmental, social and economic indicators. The selection of indicators and  indicator systems – composition of indicators – are object to scientific and political debate since they determine the results of assessments and evaluations.

Peer reviews are the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers). It constitutes a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field. Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards of quality, improve performance, and provide credibility. In academia peer review is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication.

Publications and applications

Titelsort descending Type of practice Updated date
Action plan on freight transport logistics Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 13:10
Approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to units of measurement Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:20
Better Careers and more Mobility: a European Partnership for Researchers Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Border management in the EU Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 13:40
Combating terrorism Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 13:43
Community eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS) Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-15 12:26
Comparison of fingerprints Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 09:29
Complexity theory and evaluation in public management. A qualitative systems approach Publication 2013-12-09 09:51
Cross-border transfer of registered office Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:19
Enhancement of quality in higher education (Erasmus Mundus, 2009-2013) Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Enhancement of quality in higher education (Erasmus Mundus, 2009-2013) Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Enhancement of quality in higher education (Erasmus Mundus, 2009-2013) Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:24
European Energy Strategic technology Plan (SET-Plan) Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 09:41
Evaluation of the environmental impact of agriculture at the farm level: a comparison and analysis of 12 indicator-based methods Publication 2013-12-06 09:36
i2010 - a European Information Society for growth and employment Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 09:44
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 09:45
Integrated Multicriteria Analysis for Sustainable Agricultural Policy Evaluation Publication 2013-12-09 10:18
Investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-15 14:04
Minimum sanctions to employers of illegally resident third-country nationals Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:08
Plant protection products Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Plant protection products Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Programme "Citizens for Europe" to promote active European citizenship Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:13
Protecting children using the Internet and other communication technologies Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Protecting children using the Internet and other communication technologies Example of an IA Activity 2013-02-25 16:20
Protection of copyright and related rights Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-15 14:19
Safety of toys Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 09:59
Screening decisions concerning the likely impacts of plans and projects on Natura 2000 sites Publication 2013-12-17 08:21
Settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 10:00
Simplification of the Cosmetics Directive Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:07
Social multi-criteria evaluation: Methodological foundations and operational consequences Publication 2013-12-09 10:17
Teacher Education in the European Union Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-04 10:04
Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 13:30
Type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions and on access to vehicle repair information Example of an IA Activity 2013-10-29 14:22

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