Financing, organisation and access to social, health and education systems


This issue relates to the problem of financing the public services provision. In particular, health care systems are subject to conflicting pressures: on the one hand, the proportion of GDP devoted to health care spending has doubled over the last three decades and is rising steadily (this is mainly due to demographic factors, the cost of new medical technologies and citizens' increased expectations); on the other hand, the general constraints on public finances make it necessary to reform health care systems in order to contain expenditure while optimising the sector's cost-effectiveness in a context of increased competition. Member States must manage these conflicting pressures without losing sight of the importance of health to people's well-being and the economic importance of the health systems.
This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents.

Guiding Question

Does the option affect the financing / organisation / access to social, health and care services?

Relevant Policies


Web Resources

Other sources of data

Other sources of information


Eurostat indicators

Other indicators

The following Sustainable Development Indicators are relevant to address the key question:
Health care expenditure as a percentage of GDP