Goods Traded with Developing Countries


The relationship between trade and development is a complex one. While trade is not a guaranteed route to economic growth for developing countries, evidence suggests that trade and openness to the global economy play an important role in creating jobs and prosperity in developing countries.
Making trade work for development means weighing the needs of every developing economy carefully, and tailoring policies that reflect different vulnerabilities – and different potential strengths. There is no single model for trade and development.
Through its trade policy the EU aims to ensure that developing countries are able to benefit from access to its own markets and from the openness of the global economy. The EU’s Generalised System of Preferences is a trade agreement through which the EU provides preferential access to the EU market to 176 developing countries and territories, in the form of reduced tariffs for their goods when entering the EU market.
Despite having good access to the EU market the share of imports from the poorest countries in the world has declined and most of them continue to remain dependent on a narrow range of commodity exports. So it is not free trade that has failed these countries, but a lack of capacity to trade. These are the problems that Aid for Trade sets out to address, by supporting governments to take measures to diversify the economy.

Guiding Question

Does the option affect goods or services that are produced or consumed by developing countries?

Relevant Policies

The EU Trade Policy
The European Consensus on Development


DG Trade:
DG EuropeAidDevelopment and Cooperation:

Further Sources of Data

Please link to other sources of data, e.g. important reports, annual reports etc.  

Further Sources of Information

European Commission - Trade
European Commission - Development and Cooperation
EU - Aid for Trade
EU - Generalised System of Preferences
United Nations - Millennium Development Goals
World Trade Organization

Eurostat Indicators

General and regional statistics:  
EU imports from developing countries by group of products
EU imports from least-developed countries by group of products
EU imports from developing countries by income group

Other Official Indicators

Please insert indicators relevant to the question, choose indicators provided e.g. by international organizations like the OECD, IEA, ILO or academic institutes.