Quality and access to social, health and education systems


This issue attempts to capture those factors that impact on the provision and quality of basic services. The provision of education includes primary and secondary education, higher education, adult education, special needs education and the availability of information technology. An increase in the provision and quality of education will contribute to ensuring that all citizens have the opportunity to gain knowledge and fulfil their potential through education and learning. Health services provide a curative function by caring for those already ill and provide special services that deal with particular groups (such as children or pregnant women) and with specific needs (such as nutrition or immunisation): preventive services; health protection; health education; and the collection and analysis of health information. Most countries aim to provide health services to ensure that individuals, families, and communities obtain the maximum benefit from current medical knowledge and technology available for the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health. Ideally, the provision of health care should be universal and available to all patients regardless of their age, sex, ethnicity, and geographical location.
This text is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace any reference documents.

Guiding Question

Does the option have an impact on services in terms of quality/access for all?

Relevant Policies


Web Resources

Other sources of data

Other sources of information


Eurostat indicators

There are no Eurostat Sustainable Development Indicators directly related to this key question. Some Eurostat Indicators (Long Term Indicators) are relevant to address the key question: Sustainable development in the European Union - 2009 monitoring report on the EU sustainable development strategy
Social inclusion

  • At-risk-of-poverty rate, by gender

Monetary poverty and living conditions

  • At-persistent-risk-of-poverty rate
  • At-risk-of-poverty rate, by age group
  • At-risk-of-poverty rate, by household type
  • Relative at-risk-of-poverty gap Intensity of poverty
  • Inequality of income distribution

Access to labour market

  • People living in jobless households, by age group
  • In-work poverty Working poor
  • Total long-term unemployment
  • Unadjusted gender pay gap Gender


  • Early school-leavers
  • At-risk-of-poverty rate, by highest level of education attained
  • Persons with low educational attainment, by age group
  • Life-long learning
  • Low reading literacy performance of pupils
  • Individuals’ level of computer skills
  • Individuals’ level of internet skills

Contextual indicator

  • Public expenditure on education (for subtheme Education)

Other indicators