The MARKAL family of models can generate sustainable energy-production scenarios at a given spatial background (national, regional, province, community) in Europe and the rest of the world over a period of 40 to 50 years. MARKAL relies on a consistent energy-technology database and projections for energy demand and resource costs to create scenarios that minimise energy-system costs depending on abatement policies. The models choose the abatement technologies on the basis of future required reductions of emissions.
The models are mainly used for:
identifying least-cost energy systems;
exploring cost-effective responses to emission-control policies;
creating and analysing long-term energy balances under different scenarios;
evaluating new technologies for R&D purposes;
analysing the effects of different regulations and policies (e.g. taxes and subsidies);
forecasting inventories of greenhouse-gas emissions;
estimating the value of regional cooperation in energy policy.
MARKAL requires data regarding energy demand projections and resource costs, as well as information about existing (possible future) energy technologies.
This must be collected for each region being modelled.
energy demand and supply activities and technologies and their associated emissions