PRIMES

Acronym:

PRIMES

Liaise ownership:

no

Description:

PRIMES is a simulation model of the energy markets in the European Union. It simulates market equilibrium for energy supply and demand in the Member States by finding the equilibrium prices for 24 energy sources. The equilibrium is static (within each time period) but repeated in a time-forward path, with dynamic relationships. The model is highly disaggregated and has very differentiated technologies.
The model is mainly used for:
• analysis of standard energy-policy issues: security of supply, strategy, costs etc;
• analysis of environmental issues;
• looking at the impact of technology standards, new technologies and renewable resources;
• looking at energy efficiency, alternative fuels, trade and EU energy provision;
• analysis of policy issues regarding electricity generation, gas distribution and refineries.

In summary, the characteristics of PRIMES are such that the model is:
• elaborated at a European rather than at a national level, with the national economies being treated as regions of Europe;
• focused on policy analysis of the energy sector;
• a disaggregated energy model, with detailed treatment of the electricity-generation sector and energy technology choice;
• modular, allowing for flexible treatment of different sectors.

Input variables:

The basic source of data for energy consumption by sector and fuel is Eurostat. Other sources include surveys of cogeneration operation and capacities and surveys on boilers. The MURE, IKARUS, ODYSSE databases and national sources are also used.

Contact:

Professor P. Capros, kapros@central.ntua.gr

Archived:

yes

Publications and applications

Titel Type of practice Updated date
IA Report: Action Plan for Energy Efficiency: Realising the Potential Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 10:14
IA Report: A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 00:18
IA Report: Communication - Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 12:11
IA Report: Communication demonstrating Carbon Capture and Geological Storage (CCS) in emerging developing countries: financing the EU-China Near Zero Emissions Coal Plant project Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 12:25
IA Report: Communication on limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 22:24
IA Report: Communication on sustainable coal Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:22
IA Report: Communication on Winning the Battle against Global Climate Change Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:40
IA Report: Communication – Energy infrastructure priorities for 2020 and beyond – A Blueprint for an integrated European energy network Application of a Model or Method 2013-08-28 15:45
IA Report: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the seventh framework programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007-2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 12:05
IA Report: Defining the modalities for reaching the 2020 target to reduce CO2 emissions from new light commercial vehicles (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 21:45
IA Report: Defining the modalities for reaching the 2020 target to reduce CO2 emissions from new passenger cars (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 21:40
IA Report: Determining transitional Union-wide rules for the harmonised free allocation of emission allowances (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-26 19:32
IA Report: Directive on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending Council Directives 85/337/EEC, 96/61/EC, 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/EC, 2006/12/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 20:03
IA Report: Energy Efficiency Plan 2011 (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 13:30
IA Report: General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 "Living well, within the limits of our planet" (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:26
IA Report: Including aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 10:53
IA Report: Internal market for electricity and gas Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:53
IA Report: Package of Implementation measures for the EU's objectives on climate change and renewable energy for 2020 Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 19:42
IA Report: Proposal for a Decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 17:29
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on energy efficiency (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-27 13:16
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on energy performance of buildings (recast) Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 16:54
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (2013) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-24 20:59
IA Report: Proposal for a Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 16:15
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1692/2006 establishing the second 'Marco Polo' programme for the granting of Community financial assistance to improve the environmental performance of the freight transport system Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 18:43
IA Report: Proposal for a Regulation establishing the Connecting Europe Facility (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 12:45
IA Report: Renewable Energy - a major player in the European energy market (2012) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-25 18:07
IA Report: Report on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling Application of a Model or Method 2013-08-28 15:56
IA Report: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 01:17
IA Report: Specific provisions for the support from the European Regional Development Fund to the European territorial cooperation goal (2011) Application of a Model or Method 2013-07-30 13:01
IA Report: Strategic EU Energy Review Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-03 21:25
IA Report: Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution Application of a Model or Method 2013-09-05 11:46