Type of practice:
The models used are POLES for the global energy system modelling and PRIMES for the EU energy system modelling. The Non-CO2 emissions from agriculture and industry are assessed with the GAINS model (http://gains.iiasa.ac.at/index.php/gains-europe), with input from the CAPRI agricultural model to assess production from agriculture and subsequent emissions (e.g. livestock emissions, emissions from fertiliser use). The land use, land use change and forestry emissions and removals are assessed with the G4M and GLOBIOM. These modelling tools are used in a coherent manner with the energy system models. The last model used for the purpose of the Impact Assessment on a roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SEC:2011:0288:FIN:EN:PDF) is the GEM-E3.