Type of practice:
The models PRIMES, TRANSTOOLS, PRIMES-TREMOVE (http://www.euclimit.eu/Default.aspx?Id=2), TREMOVE and GEM E3 are used for the purpose of the Impact Assessment on a Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system. The corresponding IA Report (http://ec.europa.eu/governance/impact/ia_carried_out/docs/ia_2011/sec_2011_0358_en.pdf) gives an account of these applications.
The PRIMES-TREMOVE Transport Model projects the evolution of demand for passengers and freight transport by transport mode and transport mean, based on economic, utility and technology choices of transportation consumers, and projects the derived fuel consumption and emissions of pollutants. Operation costs, investment costs, emission costs, taxes and other public policies, utility and congestion influence the choice of transportation modes and means.